Moles, Voles and Shrews
Moles and shrews belong to the order Insectivore and as the name suggests feed primarily on insects and invertebrates. Moles live underground and are specialized for life underground. Their small eyes and the openings of the ears are concealed in the fur, and there are no external ears. The most noticeable characteristic are the paddle-like forefeet which are bent sideways for digging. Their feet have large claws for digging. The hind feet are small and narrow with slender, sharp claws. Mole fur is short, soft, velvety, and when brushed offers no resistance in either direction. This adaptation allows moles to travel both forward and backward through the soil.
Characteristics of Each
Moles : are 5 to 7 inch long, solitary animals that rarely leave their tunnels unless by accident. Moles create extensive burrows in search of their insect prey: earthworms, grubs and beetles. Moles are considered beneficial to the landscape because they cultivate and aerate the soil while eating undesirable grubs and insects. Moles however cause a lot of damage and can do more harm to your landscape than good. These tunnels may cause slight damage to plants by drying the roots, but it is more likely that plant damage is caused by a vole using the mole’s tunnels. The best method to mole removal is generally underground trapping.
Shrews : are smaller than moles at 4 to 5 inches long. Shrews, like moles, are strictly insectivorous and eat earthworms, grubs and other nuisance insects. Unlike moles, shrews may occasionally be seen running above ground in search of food. They often use old mole, vole or chipmunk tunnels.
Voles : also called meadow mice, are more troublesome. They are herbivores, feeding on grasses, bulbs, tubers, and herbaceous plants. During the winter they may eat tree bark and roots, particularly on fruit trees. If the bark is gnawed around the entire circumference of the tree, the tree may be girdled and die. Voles are slightly larger than moles, reaching lengths of 5 to 8 inches at maturity. They also construct tunnels, or may use old mole tunnels. They produce characteristic surface runways between burrow openings, which are especially noticeable after snowmelt or after removing a layer of mulch. Voles, unlike moles or shrews, are more social and may be present in large numbers.
How to Deal With
Moles, Voles and Shrews:
Moles Voles and Shrews cannot only be an annoyance, they can also cause unwanted permanent damage to your landscape! Go Green Pest Control will locate any and all areas where activity is present and present a solution to rid your yard of these unwanted guests for good.